Wednesday, 22 May 2019

Flowers.....

Lately, everyone around is involved in flowers.In the process of this activity, I realized my weakness with flowers; I hardly know the names of flowers excluding the common ones and sometime it is a shame to call myself an agriculturalist. Thus I came up with this post to update myself with flowers. I was exploring through the languages of flowers and found it very interesting to know that each and every single flower symbolizes something.  Every flower we grow or give has its own meaning and thus it is important for us to know what each flower represents before we grow or give. A flower a day can make someones day brighter!!!!

To be Continued with more flowers.....


Binomial Name
Leucanthemum vulgare
Common Name
Ox-eye daisy
Family
Asteraceae
Plant Description
It is a rhizomatous perennial grassland wild flower growing up to a height of 3 feet tall. The stem is un-branched and sprouts laterally from the creeping rhizome. The leaves are dark green on both the sides. The small flower head consists of 15-20 white ray florets surrounding numerous tiny disk yellow disc florets.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Rhizome
Blooming Time
Late Spring- Early Summer
Landscape usage
Bedding plants, Container, cut flower, mixed border
Photographic Location
Near Tashigang Dzong, picture taken in June 2015
Interesting fact
It symbolizes gentleness, loyal love, youthful, beauty and cheerfulness.
















Binomial Name
Echinopsis hertrichiana
Common Name
Scarlet cob
Family
Cactaceae
Plant Description
They are composed of many stems that originate at the base, standing upright at the center and growing more procumbent around the edges of the clump. It has a small spiny cactus thorn with large spreading round flower that are red in color. The flowers are produced near the stem tips. It grows to a height of 3-7 cm high forming globular segments covered in clusters of small, sharp thorn.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Stem Cutting, seed
Flowering time
Late Spring- Early Summer
Landscape usage
Container gardens and dessert landscaping
Photographic location
Punakha
Interesting Facts
It symbolizes ardent love.


















Binomial Name
Zantedeschia aethiopica
Common Name
Calla Lily
Family
Araceae
Plant  Description
The plants of this family are herbaceous tuberous growing to 1.2 m tall. It has a long-petiole leaves arising from a thick rhizomes. The leaves are 1-1.5 long and glossy medium to rich green in color. The inflorescence is on a leafless flower stalk. Creamy white flower that consist of large petal like structure wraps around protruding floral column.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Bulbs and seed
Landscape usage
Beds and border, houseplant, semi-aquatic garden
Habitat
Mild climate, Warm Temperate
Photographic Location
RNRRDC Wengkhar, Mongar
Interesting Fact
Signify Magnificence and beauty.
















Binomial Name
Impatiens walleriana
Common Name
Busy Lizze/ Table rose
Family
Balsaminaceae
Plant Description
It’s a flowering herbaceous plant growing to 30-40cm tall with broadleaves. The leaves are alternate and lush green. It produces many broad, flattened; five petaled flowers. The flowers are red. The stem of this plant are semi-succulent and all part of plants are soft and can easily be damaged.
Growth Habit
It is grown as Perennial in frost free growing conditions and considered annual in temperate region.
Propagation method
Seed and cutting
Flowering time
June- November
Landscape usage
Parks and garden, beds and border, courtyard garden and containers
Photographic location
RNRRDC Wengkhar
Interesting fact
It symbolizes Love.















Binomial Name
Cestrum elegans
Common Name
Red Cestrum/butterfly flower
Family
Solanaceae
Plant Description
It’s a fast growing evergreen shrub with arching branches that grows to a height of 1-4m tall. The leaves are lance shaped mid green and have tiny silvery hair. The cluster of pink tubular flowers bloom at the ends of the branches. After pollination small violet-red berries may develop.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Cuttings
Flowering time
Spring - Summer
Landscape usage
As a large accent shrub in mixed border, cut flowers, foundation, features, screening/windbreak
Photographic Location
RNRDSC Khangma
Interesting fact
It symbolizes transient joy.
















Binomial Name
Dianthus caryophyllus
Common name
Carnation
Family
Caryophyllaceae
Plant Description
They are a species of Dianthus. It is an herbaceous plant growing to 80 cm tall. The flowers are single or clustered on tall jointed stems above evergreen tufts of linear, grass like leaves. The bloom produces a sweet clove like scent. The leaves are grayish green to blue green, slender and 15 cm.
Growth habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Seeds and cutting
Flowering time
Summer -Fall
Landscape usage
Mixed border, container, cupflowers
Photographic location
Mongar
Interesting fact
It symbolizes mothers love and considered as mother’s day flower.



Binomial Name
Begonia boliviensis
Common Name
Red cascade fall
Family
Begoniaceae
Plant Description
It is an evergreen, tropical and tuberous perennial that has a pendulous habit. The plant grows to a height of 6 feet tall. It grows on a cane like stalks. The flowers are showy, and produced in pairs or threes on short stems in angels of the obliquely lanceolate leaves. The bushy plants have linear wing-shaped green leaves.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Stem and Leaf Cutting
Flowering time
Late Spring- Summer
Landscape usage
Bedding, potted foliage, large container, hanging basket, mixed border
Photographic Location
RNRRDC Wengkhar
Interesting fact
It symbolizes dark thoughts and warning.


Binomial Name
Bougainvillea spectabilis
Common Name
Paper flower
Family
Nyctaginaceae
Plant Description
It’s a vigorous, thorny and woody climber growing to 1-12 m tall, scrambling over plants with their spiky thorns. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate, 4-13 cm long. The flower is small, pink and in cluster. The stems are hairy.
Growth Habit
Climbing Perennial
Propagation method
Stem Cutting
Flowering time
Spring – Summer
Landscape usage
As Houseplant or hanging basket, grown along fence lines, on the walls, in containers.
Photographic Location
Mitsena , Punakha
Interesting fact
In the language of flower it symbolizes playfulness.

















Binomial Name
Gerbera jamesoni
Common Name
Transvaal daisy
Family
Asteraceae
Plant Description
It’s a tender perennial plant growing to 60 cm tall. The flowers are large and showy, bright pink that are held on thick, leafless stems above large deeply veined leaves. The leaves are long (15 cm), soft and furry on the undersides.
Growth Habit
Annual/Perennial
Propagation method
Seeds and crown division
Flowering time
Late spring-Summer
Landscape usage
Beds and mixed border, containers, edging, cuts flower
Photographic location
Mitsena, Punakha
Interesting fact
It represents innocence and purity.















Binomial Name
Viola patiola
Common Name
Bleeding heart Pansy
Family
Violaceae
Plant Description
It is a herbaceous plant growing to a height of 10-15cm tall. They have showy flowers which are symmetrical when folded in half. They have five petals, four held upright in pairs and one pointing downward which is broader than the others. Some species have petals with spurs. Flowers are most often produced singly, but sometimes in pairs, on long stems. The leaves often appear near the ground and are green in color.
Growth Habit
Annual
Propagation method
Seeds, cuttings and division
Flowering time
Spring –Fall
Landscape usage
Borders , Containers, accent plant
Photographic location
RDC Wengkhar
Interesting fact
Regarded as the symbol of remembrance.


















Binomial Name
Cyclamen purpurascens
Common Name
Sowbread
Family
Primulaceae
Plant Description
The hardy cyclamen grows to a height of 20 cm tall. It has attractive round heart shaped foliage which is plain green in color. Flowers are rose-pink with a burgundy or purple blotch at the base. The petals are backswept giving a shooting-star appearance.

Growth Habit
Hardy Perennial
Propagation method
Division of tubers and seeds
Flowering time
September –March
Landscape usage
Alpine, Container, Cutflower, Houseplant, Mixed border, Rock garden/wall
Photographic locations
RNRDC Wengkhar
Interesting fact
It symbolizes departure and thus a perfect gift for someone who is retiring or relocating.



















Binomial Name
Bellis perennis
Common Name
Lawn daisy
Family
Asteraceae
Plant Description
It is a fast growing herbaceous plant with short creeping rhizomes and rosettes. The leaves are small rounded or spoon shaped that are 2-5 cm long and grow flat to ground. The flowers are button like white in color and can be single, semi-double or fully double. The flower head are composite.
Growth Habit
Perennial
Propagation method
Seed
Flowering time
Early –Mid summer
Landscape usage
Spring bedding, border, containers, cut flowers and edging.
Photographic Location
Damthang , Haa
Interesting fact
It represents thoughtfulness and innocence.